Becoming a Phonics Tutor
If you like working with children, or volunteering to help young adults, you should consider becoming a phonics tutor. All you need to do is follow the steps described here. And you will find little that is more rewarding than watching a child become a more proficient reader as you help him unlock the phonics code underlying English words.
Becoming an Effective Phonics Tutor
The OnTrack Reading Advanced Code Phonics Workbook can serve as the foundation for your own tutoring practice if you follow these steps:
1. Find a child who needs tutoring in reading and volunteer to work with him. The child should already have at least a very basic understanding of the phonics of the single letters, such as that the letter t represents the /t/ sound, for example. Most of them do; it's the advanced code that confuses them. You should schedule about two sessions per week and plan on spending about 40 to 50 hours with him in one-on-one instruction. Eventually, you will find that having a parent sit in on lessons will accelerate the process, but you'll probably be more comfortable working alone with the child at first. Start a file with obvious information on the child, such as parents, phone, address, age, grade in school, etc., plus a short description of any reading problems noted by his parents.
2. Download the instruction manual (free) for the workbook using the link on the workbook page and study how to administer the four phonics tests found on pages 37 to 41. Those same tests are also discussed on this website under the Phonics Assessment Tests of the phonics program.
The four phonics tests cover blending, segmenting, phoneme manipulation, and code knowledge 3. Administer the four tests to the child you plan on tutoring. This should take about 20 minutes eventually, but take your time the first time through. After the testing, discuss the results with the child's parent(s). Add the test scoresheet to his file.
4. If the testing indicates a need for phonics instruction, order the workbook from lulu.com and study the first few lessons using the instruction manual.
5. Schedule about an hour to work with the child and plan what you think will be an hour long lesson, detailing what you will cover during that hour.
6. Conduct the first lesson with the child. When it's over, take good notes as to how the lesson proceeded, what you had trouble with, what went well, etc. Be sure to note how much of the hour you feel you had the child's attention. Then plan your next lesson and schedule it. You will eventually be spending about 15 minutes after each lesson summarizing what happened and planning the next lesson, although at first it will likely take considerably longer as you study the process.
7. Pick up some of the books recommended on the page Children's Book Suggestions to use for reading practice during your tutoring sessions. Eventually, you will want to add books of your own choosing, but the ones suggested will work well.
8. After several sessions, readminister the test battery to ensure that progress is being made. If blending and segmenting are not improving, review the mapping process described in the instructions to be sure that you're doing everything correctly.
Resist the urge to invent a new technique. Instead consider a referral to a vision therapy department. 9. Stick to the lessons as the instructions indicate, resisting the urge to "tweak" the curriculum. It works well if you present it according to the instructions. If you find yourself making up games, or creating new explanations, consider the possibility that you're dealing with a child that has undiagnosed vision issues that are make learning to read difficult. (See #10 below.)
10. Finally, be sure to read The Vision Piece of the Dyslexia Puzzle because a fairly large percentage of the struggling readers you will encounter will have vision issues of the sort discussed there. In fact, it would be advantageous to look up any vision therapy centers in your area and make them aware of your tutoring practice once you feel comfortable with the curriculum. You will find that children who have undergone vision therapy are often finally prepared to learn to read, but that many of them still need to be shown how English phonics is structured.
Additional Points to Consider
Student Age: The workbook can be used with any age from 6-year-olds to adults. It contains no pictures and the cover is relatively plain so that even an adult will be comfortable working in it. I've found that the ubiquitous pictures found in mostBecause the workbook is picture-free, students of any age, including adults, feel comfortable working with it teaching materials these days are unnecessary for teaching phonics. They will learn the material if you present it properly in accordance with the instructions. For that reason, you can tailor your tutoring business to the age you feel most comfortable working with. I've worked with adults, including some prisoners, high schoolers, middle school students, and emerging readers. You'll probably find that the greatest demand will be from parents of 2nd, 3rd, and 4th grade students who are struggling with with early reading instruction because that is when parents are most likely to be aggressively looking for answers.
Attention Issues: Many struggling readers will, at first, have trouble sustaining attention. They're so used to failing at reading that they have developed all sorts of avoidance techniques so don't become frustrated if, after the first lesson, your notes indicate that you only had the child's attention for, say, 40% of the time. As long as you follow the Pacing Notes in the instructions and don't spend too much time on any one procedure, you should eventually find that the child is "with you" most of the hour. This will happen because he will gradually come to understand that what you're teaching him actually works, and that he is becoming a better reader as a result.
Testing: Regarding the test battery, the results on the first two tests, the blending test and the segmenting test, should move to 100% by the time you administer the tests the second time a few sessions later. The third test, the phoneme deletion test, might take longer to get to 100%, but the retest will indicate whether to continue to work on the oral auditory processing exercise described in Appendix 2 of the instruction manual. The fourth test, the code knowledge test, will probably never hit 100%, but you should see steady progress, particularly if you occasionally review the code knowledge page at the beginning of the workbook. You can even administer the code knowledge test again a third time midway through lessons if you wish, and it should always be given when all the lessons are completed, just to demonstrate to him, his parents, and to you also, what he's learned. Once any of the first three tests hit 100%, they no longer need to be given again since he's unlikely to lose any of those skills once he's developed them.
Reading Level: The test battery doesn't include a test for reading level. However, you're quite likely to notice an obvious increase in both his confidence and his capability while reading aloud, and you should have him do some reading aloud during each session. Once you reach the multisyllable level in the workbook you should see his confidence increase significantly and any guessing strategy he's been using should begin to diminish as he gains that confidence. If the school does a reading level test, it would be useful to have him tested before you begin, and then retested a few months later to confirm any progress. However, you should be on good terms with the relevant school personnel if you attempt this; some will possibly be skeptical of the importance of phonics instruction.
Two Ways to Structure Your Tutoring Business
One way is to involve parents, once you're comfortable with the curriculum. By having a parent sit through most sessions, even if they're reading a book of their own much of the time, or scanning their phones, you can train the parent to do the homework as described in the instruction manual. Otherwise, you'll have to do that review process on your own which will approximately double the time you will need to work with any particular child. You can also enlist the parent to continue the process once you've finishedInterested parents can be valuable partners if you allow them to sit through lessons and offer them guidance on on overseeing homework the curriculum by having the parent oversee the child's reading aloud for several months following the last lesson. If you do this, make sure the parents understand how to make the appropriate corrections when their child misreads a word. (The proper error correction procedure is covered in Appendix 3 of the instruction manual.)
The alternative is to do it all yourself, including the practice reading necessary to become fluent. In my reading practice, I charge relatively high prices, but keep the overall price low by having the parent oversee homework, and also take over the practice reading after I've finished working with a child. I usually manage to get a child through the complete workbook program in about 24 to 28 hours of lesson time. Without the parent's help, it would take me 50-60 hours to complete the workbook, plus any additional hours following completion that I felt were necessary to gain fluency. Under those circumstances, I would feel the need to set my fees closer to a tutoring fee, rather than the higher fees I normally charge which are 50% higher than what I consider a reasonable tutoring fee in my area.
Of course, you could take both approaches, depending upon whether a parent wanted to participate or not, charging a lower fee for those you expect to work longer with, knowing that a considerable amount of the additional time will be spent simply listening to the child read and making the appropriate corrections, or overseeing the homework review process. Don't be tempted to skip over the homework review step. The repetition is necessary for the child to automate the processes involved. A single exposure won't be sufficient. This is true even of those who seem to catch on very quickly--they usually need the review as well.
I've worked with nearly 200 struggling readers using the same workbook for all ages. That and a few books geared to varying reading levels are all you need to begin your own tutoring business. The instruction manual that you can download without charge carefully lays out exactly how to present each concept they need to know, and each exercise in the workbook. Follow the instructions faithfully and you should soon be comfortable and getting good results.
Incidentally, once you purchase a workbook from lulu.com you will probably receive email notices when they offer specials. Occasionally they offer as much as 20 to 25% off any books purchased so as you build your business look for those opportunities to acquire the additional workbooks you'll be using. I normally add the workbook cost to the charge for the first lesson, but I don't charge a fee for the initial testing session and the discussion with the parent after testing. How you handle that is, of course, up to you.
Finally, should you decide to pursue phonics tutoring feel free to contact me with questions. (There's a contact link at the bottom right of every page.)